Kolkata also known as Calcutta is the capital of the Indian stateof West Bengal.Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India’s oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The city is widely regarded as the “cultural capital” of India, and is also nicknamed the “City of Joy”.Kolkata is the main commercial and financial hub of East and North-East India and home to the Calcutta Stock Exchange.It is a major commercial and military port, and is the only city in eastern India, apart from Bhubaneswar to have an international airport. Kolkata is known for its literary, artistic, and revolutionary heritage; as the former capital of India.
Kolkata has three main seasons: Summer, Monsoon, and Winter. Summer, from March–May, is hot and humid with temperatures touching 38-42° Celsius. Monsoon starts in June and lasts till September or October. This is the time when heavy showers sometimes lead to water logging in a few areas. Winter is from November to February. This is the best season to visit the city, as the weather is very pleasant with temperatures ranging between 11-20°.
Things to do in Kolkata:
- Victoria Memorial–
The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building in Kolkata, WestBengal, India, which was built between 1906 and 1921. It is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria(1819–1901) and is now a museum and tourist destination under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture. The memorial lies on the Maidan(grounds) by the bank of the Hooghly River, near Jawaharlal Nehru Road(better known as Chowringhee Road).
- Belur Math–Beluṛ Maṭh is the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, founded by Swami Vivekananda, a chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. It is located on the
west bank of Hooghly River, Belur, West Bengal, India and is one of the significant institutions in Calcutta.This temple is the heart of the Ramakrishna Movement. The temple is notable for its architecture that fuses Hindu, Christian and Islamic motifs as a symbol of unity of all religions. In 2007 Belurmath railway station was also inaugurated which is dedicated to Belurmath temple.
- Dakshineswar Kali Temple-Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a Hindu temple located in Dakshineswar near Kolkata.Situated on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River,
the presiding deity of the temple is Bhavatarini,an aspect of Kali, meaning, ‘She who liberates Her devotees from the ocean of existence i.e. Saṃsāra‘.The temple was built in 1855 by Rani Rashmoni, a philanthropist and a devotee of Kali. The temple is famous for its association with Ramakrishna, a mystic of 19th Century Bengal. The temple compound, apart from the nine-spired main temple, contains a large courtyard surrounding the temple, with rooms along the boundary walls. There are twelve shrines dedicated to Shiva—Kali’s companion—along the riverfront, a temple to Radha–Krishna, a bathing ghat on the river, a shrine dedicated to Rani Rashmoni. ‘Nahabat’, the chamber in the northwestern corner just beyond the last of the Shiva temples, is where Ramakrishna spent a considerable part of his life.
- Indian Museum-The Indian Museum originated from the Asiatic Societyof Bengalwhich was created by Sir William Jones in 1784. The concept of having a museum arose in 1796 from
members of the Asiatic Society as a place where man-made and natural objects could be collected, cared for and displayed. The objective began to look achievable in 1808 when the Society was offered suitable accommodation by the Governmentof India in the Chowringhee-Park Street area.
- Birla Industrial & Technological Museum- The first science museum in India was set up by the industrialist Ghanshyam Das Birla at BITS, in Pilani in a hall (185 sq.mt area) of the Tower Building. The museum depicted mainly the industries and business enterprises of the Birlas.
The museum was opened to the public in 1954. Ten years later the museum was shifted to the present building.The second science museum was mooted by KS Krishnan, physicist and the then Director of National Physical Laboratory (NPL), he was inspired and encouraged by the then prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. R Subramanian was appointed to develop science museum and planetarium project by NPL in 1956. The science museum of 555 sq.mr floor space in Delhi was opened for public in 1956, but it was close down by the authority after few years, although it was appreciated by general visitors.
- St. Paul’s Cathedral-Paul’s Cathedral is a CNI(Church of North India) Cathedral of Anglicanbackground in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, noted for its Gothic architecture. It is the
seat of the Diocese of Calcutta. The cornerstone was laid in 1839; the building was completed in 1847. It is said to be thelargest cathedral in Kolkata and the first Episcopal Church in Asia. It was also the first cathedral built in the overseas territory of the British Empire. The edifice stands on Cathedral Road on the “island of attractions” to provide for more space for the growing population of the European community in Calcutta in the 1800s.
- Birla Mandir-Birla Mandir(Birla Temple) refers to different Hindu temples or Mandirs built by the Birla family, in different cities. All these temples are magnificently built, some of
themin white marble or in sandstone. The temples are generally located in a prominent location, carefully designed to accommodate a large number of visitors. The worship and discourses are well organized. The first one was built in 1939 in Delhi collectively by Ghanshyamdas Birla and his brothers, as well his father. Later temples have been built by, and are managed by different branches of the family.
- Shaheed Minar-The Shaheed Minar is a monument in Kolkata that was erected in
1828 in memory of Major-general Sir David Ochterlony, commander of the British East India Company,to commemorate both his successful defense of Delhi against the Marathas in 1804 and the victory of the East India Company’s armed forces over the Gurkhas in the Anglo-Nepalese War. The monument was constructed in his memory. It was designed by J. P. Parker and paid for from public funds.
- Jorasanko Thakur Bari-The house has been restored to reflect the way the household looked when the Tagore family lived in it and currently serves as the Tagore museum for
Kolkata. It offers details about the history of the Tagore family including its involvement with the Bengal Renaissance and the Brahmo Samaj.Jorasanko Thakur Bari(Bengali: House of the Thakurs (anglicised to Tagore) in Jorasanko, north of Kolkata, West Bengal, India, is the ancestral home of the Tagore family. It is currently located on the Rabindra Bharati University campus at 6/4 Dwarakanath Tagore Lane Jorasanko, Kolkata 700007. It is the house in which the poet and first non-European Nobel laureate, Rabindranath Tagore was born. It is also the place where he spent most of his childhood and died on 7 August 1941.
- Mother House–The Missionaries of Charity’s Mother House is a holy place of pilgrimage and reverence for those who are searching for a more meaningful existence. It was established
by the Blessed Mother Teresa in 1950 with the purpose of selfless service to mankind and to uplift the plagued humanity towards the path of salvation. After Mother Teresa left her mortal body in 1997, she was laid to rest in a tomb inside the house where she lived and served. The site of the tomb is very simple yet it exudes enormous amount of benign and pure vibration that fills the heart with gratitude and peace. Situated amidst noise and crowd, Mothers tomb is a true reflection of her life which contemplated the example of soulful and mindful meditation.
- Eco Park- New Town Eco Park is an urban park in Rajarhat, Kolkata and the biggest park so far in India. The park is situated on a 480 acres (190 ha) plot and is surrounded by a 104 acres
(42 ha) waterbody with an island in the middle. The park was conceptualised by Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee in July 2011. West Bengal Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation (HIDCO) is the overarching body coordinating the construction of the park, along with different other government bodies responsible for implementation of different works inside the park.
- Eden Gardens–Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata,
India established in 1864. It is the home venue of the Bengal cricket teamand the IPL franchise cricket team Kolkata Knight Riders, and is also a venue for Test, ODI and T20I matches of the India national cricket team.The stadium currently has a capacity of 68,000  The Stadium is Currently the Largest Cricket Stadium in India By Capacity but it will soon be the Second Largest Stadium After The Redevelopment of Sardar Patel Stadium in Ahmedabad which Would have the Capacity of 110,000 and Will Become Largest Cricket Stadium in the world Surpassing Melbourne Cricket Ground which Holds the Capacity of 100,024.
- Mother’s Wax Museum– Mother’s Wax Museumis a wax museum located in New Town, Kolkata, India. Established in November 2014, it contains wax statues of more than 19 famous personalities. The museum has been named after Mother Teresa.
- Sundarban– The Sundarbansis a vast forest in the coastal region of the Bay of Bengal and considered one of the natural wonders of the world. Located in the delta region of Padma, Meghna and Brahmaputra river basins, this unique forest extends across Khulna, Satkhira, Bagerhat districts of Bangladesh and South 24
Parganas, North 24 Parganasdistricts of West Bengal, India. The Sundarbans contain the world’s largest coastal mangrove forest, with an area of about 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi), of which about 6,000 km2 (2,300 sq mi) are located in Bangladesh and about 4,000 km2 (1,500 sq mi) in India. The Bangladeshi and Indian parts of the Sundarbans, while in fact adjacent parts of the uninterrupted landscape, have been listed separately in the UNESCO World Heritage List: as The Sundarbans and Sundarbans National Park, respectively. The Bangladeshi part encompasses three wildlife sanctuaries, viz Sundarbans West Wildlife Sanctuary, Sundarbans South Wildlife Sanctuary and Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary, and is recognized as a Ramsar site named Sundarbans Reserved Forest.
- Digha– Digha Gateis an entrance gate built on the
National Highway 116B in the coastal town of Digha, India, near the Bay of Bengal. The gate is also known as the Gateway of Digha and the Digha Welcome Gate. The gate was formerly known as Brighton of Calcutta. Digha is one of the most popular vacation destinations in West Bengal, particularly for people from Kolkata.This is popular sea beach in West Bengal, India.
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