Shimla also known as Simla, is the capital and the largest city of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla is also a district which is bounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, the state of Uttarakhand in the south-east, and Solan and Sirmaur. In 1864, Shimla was declared as the summer capital of British India, succeeding Murree, northeast of Rawalpindi. After independence, the city became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh. It is the principal commercial, cultural and educational centre of the hilly regions of the state.Small hamlets were recorded prior to 1815 when British forces took control of the area. The climatic conditions attracted the British to establish the city in the dense forests of Himalayas. As the summer capital, Shimla hosted many important political meetings including the Simla Accord of 1914 and the Simla Conference of 1945. After independence, the state of Himachal Pradesh came into being in 1948 as a result of integration of 28 princely states. Even after independence, the city remained an important political centre, hosting the Simla Agreement of 1972. After reorganisation of state of Himachal Pradesh, the existing Mahasu district was named Shimla. Its name is derived from the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindugoddess Kali.
Manali is a valley nestled in the mountains of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh near the northern end of the Kullu Valley, at an altitude of 2,050 m (6,726 ft) in the Beas River Valley. It is located in the Kullu district, about 270 km (168 mi) north of the state capital, Shimla, 309 km (192 miles) northeast of Chandigarh and 544 km (338 miles) northeast of Delhi, the federal capital. The small town, with a population of 8,096, is the beginning of an ancient trade route to Ladakh and from there over the Karakoram Pass on to Yarkand and Khotan in the Tarim Basin. It is a popular tourist destination and serves as the gateway to Lahaul & Spiti district as well as Leh.
Best Travelling places in Simla & Manali:
- Jakhu Ropeway connects Jakhu temple to the ridge ground and is the first ropeway in Shimla.
- The Mall: The Mall is the main shopping street of Shimla. It has many restaurants, clubs, banks, bars, post offices and tourist offices. The Gaiety Theatre is situated there.
- Christ Church: Situated on the Ridge, Christ Church is the second oldest church in Northern India. Inside there are stained glass windows which represent faith, hope, charity, fortitude, patience and humility.
- Kufri: 16 km from Shimla at a height of 8,600 ft, Kufri is the local winter sports centre, and has a small zoo.
Best time to visit Simla & Manali:
October to February is the winter season and is considered to be the best time to visit Simla & Manali if you like the cold and January is best to enjoy the chilly pleasure of fresh snowfall . The temperature drops down below zero degrees Celsius.
1st day-Kalka Mail (12311) Arrive at Kalka, Around 4.40 am. And transfer to Simla by Toy Train (96 Km.).170 Tunnels were built on Kalka Simla Railway track,After Lunch by walk local sight seen (Kali bari, Mall).Night stay at Simla.
2nd day-After breakfast we visit Kufri, Fagu, Zoo.Night stay at Simla.
3rd day-After Breakfast Transfer to Kulu/Bhuntar.
4th day-After breakfast transfer to Manali via Kulu ,Monikaran(Simla to Manali distance 260 km.).Night stay at Manali.
5th day-After breakfast we are visit Manali local Sight seen (Hadimba Temple, Bosistha Temple, Club house, Shiv Temple).Night stay at Manali.
6th day-After breakfast, early morning transfer to Solang valley (12 km.), & Rohtang pass (51 km.).Night stay at Manali.
7th day-After lunch transfer Chandigarh,for pickup the Train.
By road u can cover Simla & Manali.
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